For the curious, the crowdsourced open knowledge database - Wikidata has a property for OpenStreetMap tags that can be used to tag items that describe the same/similar object on the Wikidata database.
It took some time to understand how Wikidata items are described having been used to the more flat OSM tagging model, but we can use a simple example of the popular OSM tag of that is used for any human settlement as a start.
Finding a Wikidata item describing an OSM tag
Any notable topic that exists on Wikipedia will exist as a Wikidata item. Hence any widely used OSM tag should be easy to match to a Wikidata item. For example, cities are one of the most important features of maps, and from the OSM Wiki we know that this feature is described on the map using the Tag:place=city.
If we can find a Wikipedia page that describes the same concept as the OSM tag, we can get the associated Wikidata item from the sidebar links of the page. The Wikidata item for a city is Q515.
Improving Wikidata using OpenStreetMap tags
We can associate the city item
Q515 on Wikidata to the OSM tag
place=city by adding it as a new property to the item.
Tag:place=city as a new
OpenStreetMap tag or key property to the item
Querying Wikidata using OpenStreetMap tags
By adding OSM tags to Wikidata, it is now possible to query Wikidata for all items that are linked to this property.
- Items that are an instance of OSM Tag:place=city
- Items that are an instance of OSM Tag:place=city, with English description, country and descending population
- Items that are an instance of OSM Tag:place=town, with German description, country and descending population
Note The above queries only list items that are a direct instance of (P31) a city or town item in Wikidata. Unlike OSM, these items in Wikidata can have a fairly large structure of children items that more specifically describe a type of city. In the future I’m looking to further explore how we can use OSM and WIkidata together for data validation across both projects.
Update The total number of Wikidata items with an OSM tag is currently 964 items - Thanks to Ainali on #wikidata for the query